The Paris Agreement is a historic environmental agreement adopted by almost all countries in 2015 to combat climate change and its negative impacts. The agreement aims to significantly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in order to limit the increase in global temperature this century to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while looking for ways to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees. The agreement contains commitments from all major emitting countries to reduce their pollution from climate change and to strengthen these commitments over time. The Compact provides a means for developed countries to assist developing countries in their mitigation and adaptation efforts, and provides a framework for transparent monitoring, reporting and strengthening of countries` individual and collective climate goals. Paris Agreement, fully Paris Agreement Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, also known as the Paris Agreement on Climate Change or COP21, an international treaty, named after the city of Paris, France, in which it was adopted in December 2015, which aimed to reduce gas emissions that contribute to global warming. The Paris Agreement aimed to improve and replace the Kyoto Protocol, an earlier international agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It entered into force on 4 November 2016 and has been signed by 194 countries and ratified by 188 by November 2020. The Paris Agreement officially entered into force on 4 November 2016. Other countries continued to become parties to the agreement while completing their national approval procedures.
To date, 195 Contracting Parties have signed the Agreement and ratified it to the nearest 189. More information on the Paris Agreement and the status of ratification is available here. In an effort to “significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change,” the agreement calls for limiting the increase in global average temperature this century to well below 2 degrees Celsius while making efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees. It also calls on countries to strive to balance global greenhouse gas emissions as quickly as possible and to become climate neutral by the second half of this century at the latest. To achieve these targets, 186 countries responsible for more than 90% of global emissions presented carbon reduction targets known as “Intended Nationally Determined Contributions” (INDCs) ahead of the Paris conference. These targets outline each country`s commitments to reduce emissions (including maintaining carbon sinks) by 2025 or 2030, including overall CO2 emission reduction targets and individual commitments from around 2,250 cities and 2,025 companies. Iran, Iraq and Libya – all among the 14 members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) – and conflict-torn states such as Yemen and South Sudan have not ratified the deal. In 1992, President George H.W.
Bush, along with 107 other heads of state, adopted a number of environmental agreements at the Rio Earth Summit in Brazil, including the UNFCCC framework, which is still in force today. The international treaty aims to prevent dangerous human interference in Earth`s climate systems in the long term. .